Mineral belts of India

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Mineral belts of India
The main mineral belts of India are described as under—
(i) The North-Eastern Peninsular Belt: This belt comprising of Chota Nagpur Plateau, and Orissa Plateau in the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa is the richest mineral belt of India. It contains large quantities of coal, iron-ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, copper, kyanite, chromite and many more minerals. The Chota Nagpur Plateau is known as the mineral heart land of India.
(il) Central Belt: This belt encompassing parts of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra is the second largest mineral belt of India. Large deposits of manganes, bauxite, limestone, marble, coal, gems, mica, iron-ore, .graphite. etc. are available here.
(iii) The Southern Belt: It covers mostly the Karnataka Plateau but extends over the contiguous Tarnil Nadu upland. It is more or less similar to the north-eastern peninsular belt, as far as deposits of ferrous minerals and bauxite are concerned but it lacks coal deposit excepting lignite at Neyveli.
(iv) The North-Western Belt: This belt extend along the Aravali in Rajasthan and in adjoining parts of Gujarét. This belt has developed recently and is gradually becoming a productive regions holdings great promise for mining of nonferrous
metals. Gujarat is fast becoming an important producer of petroleum, besides producing gypsum, manganese, salt, bauxite, etc.

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